2016 Hereford Champion of the World - LCC FBF Time Traveler 480 ET                        2016 Hereford Miss World - RVP 51X Ablaze 7A

TURKEY



 
Turkey

Population: 75 627 384
Cattle Population: 10 544 075
Capital City: Ankara
Official Languages: Turkish

Hereford Breeders: 2
Registered Hereford Cattle: 1 500



Gazi Oğlu Bedir Çiftliği
Sevindikli Köyü
Körfez
Kocaeli
Tel: 0533 282 01 95


 

Email: info@bedirciftligi.com
www.bedirciftligi.com/en


 

 


Turkish AI Bull



Gedik Spark ET
Ege Vet
 

Turkish Hereford Cow



Gazi Oğlu Bedir Çiftliği
Sevindikli Köyü, Körfez, Kocaeli

 

UP TO DATE INFORMATION: Ankara

Local time
  Local Time:
05:57 AM on Monday 20th of November, 2017 (GMT+02:00)
 
Currency
  Currency:
Turkish Lira (1 USD = 3.88 TRY)   Last Updated: Sunday 19th of November, 2017

Weather
  
Ankara (capital) weather forecast
Monday 20th of November, 2017

Max: 7 'C

Min: -6 'C
Ice Pellets
Wind: 24 Km/h SW
Tuesday 21st of November, 2017

Max: -2 'C

Min: -10 'C
Overcast
Wind: 31 Km/h NW
Wednesday 22nd of November, 2017

Max: -1 'C

Min: -7 'C
Overcast
Wind: 21 Km/h WSW

Turkey (Listeni/ˈtɜːrki/TurkishTürkiye [ˈtyɾcije]), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: About this sound Türkiye Cumhuriyeti ;pronounced [ˈtyɾcije d͡ʒumˈhuɾijeti]), is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, mainly on the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. Turkey is a democraticsecularunitaryconstitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage.[5][6]

Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Syria and Iraq to the south; IranArmenia, and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the east; Georgia to the northeast; Bulgaria to the northwest; and Greece to the west. The Black Sea is to the north, theMediterranean Sea to the south, and the Aegean Sea to the west. The Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles, which together form the Turkish Straits, divide Thrace and Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia.[7] Turkey's location between Europe and Asia makes it strategically important.[8]

Turkey has been inhabited since the paleolithic age[9] by various ancient Anatolian civilizations: AeolianDorian and IonianGreeksThraciansArmenians, and Assyrians.[10][11][12] After Alexander the Great's conquest, the area was Hellenized, a process which continued under the Roman Empire and its transition into the Byzantine Empire.[11][13] The Seljuk Turks began migrating into the area in the 11th century, starting the process of Turkification, which was accelerated by the Seljuk victory over the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071.[14] The Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the Mongol invasionin 1243, when it disintegrated into small Turkish beyliks.[15]

In the mid 14th century the Ottomans started uniting Anatolia and created an empire encompassing much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia and North Africa, becoming a major power in Eurasia and Africa during the early modern period. The empire reached the peak of its power in the 16th century, especially during the reign (1520–1566) of Suleiman the Magnificent. After the second Ottoman siege of Vienna in 1683 and the end of the Great Turkish War in 1699, the Ottoman Empire entered a long period of decline. The Tanzimat reforms of the 19th century, which aimed to modernize the Ottoman state, proved to be inadequate in most fields, and failed to stop the dissolution of the empire.[16]

Effectively controlled by the Three Pashas after the 1913 coup d'état, the Ottoman Empire entered World War I (1914–1918) on the side of the Central Powers and was ultimately defeated. During the war, the Ottoman government committed ethnic cleansing or genocide against its ArmenianAssyrian and Pontic Greek citizens.[17] Following the war, the conglomeration of territories and peoples that formerly comprised the Ottoman Empire was divided into several new states.[18]

The Turkish War of Independence (1919–1922), initiated by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his colleagues in Anatolia, resulted in the establishment of the modern Republic of Turkey in 1923, with Atatürk as its first president.[19]

Turkey's official language is Turkish, a Turkic language, spoken by 85% of the population.[20] 72.5% of the population are ethnic Turks; and 27.5% are legally recognized (ArmeniansGreeksJews) and unrecognized (KurdsCircassiansArabs,AlbaniansBosniaksGeorgians, etc.) ethnic minorities. Kurds are the largest minority group.[5][21][22][23] The vast majority of the population is Sunni Muslim, with Alevis making up the largest religious minority.[5]

Turkey is a charter member of the UN, early member of NATO, and a founding member of the OECDOSCEOIC and G-20. After becoming one of the first members of the Council of Europe in 1949, Turkey became an associate member of the EEC in 1963, applied for full EEC membership in 1987, joined the EU Customs Union in 1995 and started accession negotiations with the European Union in 2005.[24][24] Turkey's growing economy and diplomatic initiatives have led to its recognition as a regional power.[25][26][27][28]